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Russia’s Supreme Court Considers Bitcoin-to-Fiat Trades by Criminals as Money Laundering

Russia’s Supreme Court has issued a landmark ruling, stating that criminals’ conversion of Bitcoin (BTC) to fiat currency can be considered money laundering. The decision came in response to a case involving a drug dealer who accepted Bitcoin as payment and converted it into rubles. The ruling has significant implications for future crypto-related legal proceedings in the country.

Supreme Court’s Interpretation and Prosecution’s Appeal :

In the case, the lower court acquitted the defendant of money laundering charges, arguing that fiat converted from Bitcoin was not subject to money laundering unless it entered economic circulation. Dissatisfied with this decision, prosecutors escalated the case to the High Court, which upheld the initial ruling. However, the Supreme Court took a different stance, interpreting the relevant section of the Criminal Code to encompass all financial transactions involving the proceeds of crime.

Implications for Seizing Assets and Sentencing:

The Supreme Court’s ruling provides a legal precedent for future cases involving cryptocurrency-related crimes in Russia. It simplifies seizing and liquidating tokens, making it easier for authorities to confiscate illicitly obtained funds. Additionally, the ruling enables courts to impose more severe penalties in criminal cases involving cryptocurrency. This decision comes from recent events where a citizen was arrested on treason charges for allegedly sending a crypto donation to the Ukrainian armed forces.

Russia’s Supreme Court’s ruling regarding Bitcoin-to-fiat conversions by criminals being classified as money laundering sets a significant precedent. The decision expands the scope of money laundering regulations to encompass financial transactions involving the proceeds of crime, leading to potential implications for asset seizure and more stringent sentencing in crypto-related criminal cases.


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